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Effects of Drinking Beetroot Juice on Exercise Performance in Patients With Fibrotic Interstitial Lung Disease
Exercise training as part of a structured pulmonary rehabilitation program is a key factor in improving quality of life and symptoms in people with interstitial lung disease (ILD). Optimal methods of exercise training are yet to be explored in ILD. Drinking beetroot juice, which is rich in nitrate, has been shown to improve exercise performance in a variety of groups, but its effects in ILD have not been tested. The purpose of this study is to determine if drinking nitrate-rich beetroot juice can improve exercise performance compared to drinking nitrate-free beetroot juice in people with ILD.
Effects of Pulmonary Rehabilitation on Walking Speed in Patients With COPD or ILD Patients
The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of a three-week inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) program on the walking speed in patients with chronic obstructive (COPD) or interstitial lung disease (ILD).
Effects of Silica and Asbestos Fibres on the Efferocytosis Capacities of Macrophages
Evaluation of the efferocytosis capacities of blood Monocyte Derived Macrophages (MDM) from patients with a history of asbestosis or silica exposure and comparison of these capacities with those of MDM from healthy donors.
Effects of Tofacitinib vs Methotrexate on Rheumatoid Arthritis Interstitial Lung Disease
Pulmonary abnormalities are present in up to 60% of patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and up to 10% of the patients will develop clinical interstitial lung disease (ILD). Recent data indicate that inhibition of Janus kinase is beneficial for this extra-articular manifestation. Our goal is to determine whether tofacitinib is an effective and safe treatment, compared to standard-of-care methotrexate, for subclinical and clinical ILD in patients with early RA. The study also explores disease mechanisms in lungs and joints, to identify potential biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis, and response to treatment of RA-ILD.
Efficacy and Safety of Benralizumab in EGPA Compared to Mepolizumab.
This is a randomized, double blind, active-controlled, parallel group, multicenter 52-week Phase 3 study to compare the efficacy and safety of benralizumab 30 mg versus mepolizumab 300 mg administered by subcutaneous (SC) injection in patients with relapsing or refractory EGPA on corticosteroid therapy with or without stable immunosuppressive therapy. All patients who complete the 52-week double-blind treatment period on IP may be eligible to continue into an open label extension (OLE) period. The OLE period is intended to allow each patient at least 1 year of treatment with open-label benralizumab 30 mg administered SC (earlier...
Efficacy and Safety of Two Glucocorticoid Regimens in the Treatment of Sarcoidosis
For pulmonary sarcoidosis, the initial dose recommended by the joint statement of the American Thoracic Society (ATS), European Respiratory Society (ERS), and The World Association of Sarcoidosis and Other Granulomatous Disorders (WASOG) is 20-40 mg per day.5 The exact dose and duration of treatment for sarcoidosis are unknown.4 We hypothesize that a higher dose of 40 mg per day as compared to a 20 mg/day dose of prednisone will be more effective in preventing post-treatment relapse by effective initial suppression of the granulomatous inflammation and reduction of the disease load. In this study, we compare the efficacy and safety...
Efficacy of Steroid Pulse Therapy in Acute Exacerbation of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (AE-IPF) Admitted in ER
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is the most severe form of interstitial lung disease. It is known that the prognosis is poor due to extensive inflammation and fibrosis of the lung parenchyma. In case of acute exacerbation, the prognosis becomes worse. In early studies, the 3-month mortality rate reached 50-80%, and in a recent study, the 1-month survival rate was 66%, and the 3-month survival rate was 41%. It is known that 20% of patients with IPF will experience acute exacerbations in their lifetime. The most commonly used treatment for such acute exacerbations is antibiotics and high-dose steroids, or steroid pulse therapy....
Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of NP-120 on Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis and Its Associated Cough
NP-120 (Ifenprodil) has been shown to mediate anti-inflammatory responses and reduce pulmonary fibrosis in a murine model of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF). In addition, NP-120 significantly reduced both cough frequency and onset in a guinea pig tussive model. The purpose of this proof-of-concept trial is to determine the efficacy of NP-120 in the treatment of IPF and its associated cough.
Endobronchial Ultrasound Strain Elastography in Sarcoidosis
Strain elastography (SE) is an imaging method used for the measurement of relative tissue elasticity through qualitative (color pattern) or semi-quantitative methods (strain ratio or strain histogram). Very recently, the first pilot study has provided preliminary evidence that EBUS-SE elastography may help identify fibrotic lymph nodes in sarcoidosis and that sampling lymph nodes characterized by low strain elastography, that is "stiff" nodes, is associated with an increased risk of retrieving an inadequate sample (i.e. a sample which is not representative of the lymph node tissue). The investigators hypothesize that an EBUS-SE ...
Endobronchial Ultrasound Transbronchial Needle Aspiration Of Enlarged Mediastinal In Interstitial Lung Disease
The aim of this study is to assess the findings of mediastinal/hilar LN sampling by EBUS-TBNA in patients with non-sarcoidosis interstitial lung disease ( ILD) who demonstrate LN enlargement on chest imaging. Patients with non-sarcoidosis ILD referred for bronchoscopy will undergo LN sampling by EBUS-TBNA. Cytology results will be recorded along with clinico-radiologic features, BAL findings, histology and final ILD diagnosis.