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Infusion of Allogeneic Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Patients With Diffuse Cutaneous Systemic Sclerosis With Refractory Pulmonary Involvement

Study Purpose

Progressive SSc is an entity with limited therapeutic alternatives and with asurvival rate of less than 45% in the first 3 to 5 years. The disease causessevere limitation in quality of life ranging from functional limitation to depression. Up to 20% of patients will be refractory to conventional treatment with diseasemodifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and cyclophosphamide therapy.This favors the progression to visceral involvement including gastrointestinal,lung and pulmonary hypertension. The latter being a poor prognostic factor,increases mortality in this group of patients and drastically affects their qualityof life. For this reason, different therapeutic options have been considered including cell transplantation and Stem Cell use. Among the options that have been studied so far are stromal mesenchymal cells from Wharton ́s jelly. These have been used in intravenous infusion or direct application in different disease scenarios ranging from vascular involvement to interstitial lung involvement and cases of pulmonary hypertension, with promising results in terms of clinical progression,improvement in quality of life and prognostic indices. This therapy has proven to have a significant margin of safety at the time of administration and a low rate of adverse events, a self-limiting fever as the most frequent event. Based on the above and considering the possibility of offering patients without therapeutic alternatives to their disease in addition to palliative options, an intravenous infusion of stromal mesenchymal stem cells from Wharton ́s jellyis proposed for three patients with progressive SSc refractory to conventional therapy with pulmonary involvement due to pulmonary hypertension. Under this premise the question posed in our work is; What are the effects of the infusion of allogeneic mesenchymal stromal cells from Wharton ́s jellyin patients with systemic sclerosis refractory to conventional treatment with Methotrexate or Cyclophosphamide in a population of three patients with severe pulmonary involvement due to pulmonary hypertension.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

No
Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.


An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.


Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Expanded Access
Eligible Ages 18 Years - 65 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • - Age> 18 years and <65 years.
• Established diagnosis of systemic sclerosis according to the criteria of theAmerican College of Rheumatology• SSc of poor prognosis, involving life-threatening severe visceralinvolvement (cardiac or pulmonary hypertension ), lack of response toconventional immunosuppressive therapy used in severe forms of thedisease according to the European recommendations of EUSTAR and EBMT, relying on high doses of IV cyclophosphamide (either in monthlybolus for at least six months); or SSc with life-threatening pulmonaryhypertension. Patients may or may not have pulmonary fibrosis.• Signed informed consent.• Presence of a consenting MSC donor• Affiliation to social security.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • - Pregnancy or absence of appropriate contraception throughout the study.
• Pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) >75mmHg (onechocardiography or after right heart catheterization);- Theorical DLCO <30%• Calculated creatinine clearance <30 ml/mn/m2• Clinical sign of a congestive heart failure refractory ;• Left ventricular ejection fraction <35% at myocardial scintigraphy orechocardiography;• Chronic atrial fibrillation requiring oral anticoagulant therapy;• Uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmia;• Pericardial effusion with hemodynamic compromise assessed byechocardiography.• Hepatic impairment defined as a persistent increase in transaminases orbilirubin to 3 times normal.• Psychiatric disorders, including drug taking and alcohol abuse.• Active neoplasia or concomitant myelodysplasia, antecedent of neoplasia.• Bone marrow failure defined by neutropenia <0.5 x 109 / L,thrombocytopenia <50 x 109 / L, anemia <8 g / dL, CD4 lymphopenia <200x 106 / L.• Uncontrolled systemic hypertension.• Uncontrolled acute or chronic infection, HIV1, 2 or HTLV-1, 2seropositivity.• Chronic hepatitis B or C active.• Significant exposure to bleomycin, toxic oils, vinyl chloride,trichloroethylene or silica; eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome, eosinophiliafasciitis.• Risk of poor patient compliance

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.

NCT04432545
Phase

Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Universidad de la Sabana
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

John Londono, MD,PhD
Principal Investigator Affiliation Universidad de la Sabana
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

OtherOtherOtherOther
Overall Status Available
Countries Colombia
Conditions

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Systemic Sclerosis Pulmonary, Pulmonary Hypertension, Pulmonary Fibrosis
Additional Details

This study aims to evaluate the therapeutic effects of allogeneic mesenchymal stromal cell infusion as a treatment in patients with systemic sclerosis refractoryto conventional therapy. The group of patients will be collected from the database of families of Stem Regenerative Medicine according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria and verified in the academic committee. The administration will be intravenously, with a concentration of 2 X 10^6 mesenchymal cells per kilogram of patient weight. The infusions will be carried out nested at cyclophosphamide application cycles ten days after each application of the cyclophosphamide schedule for each patient. To assess safety and therapeutic effects, the occurrence of any adverse event will be described from start of infusion until the conclusion of the trial in six months. To assess the response, a pre-infusion and sixth-month post-infusion instrument will be applied that includes clinical variables, paraclinical and hemodynamic tests to evaluate skin involvement using the modified RODNAN score, changes in nail capillaroscopy, lung function and structural involvement by high-resolution chest tomography (hrCT), diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) and a 6-minute walk. As part of the cardiovascular assessment, cerebral natriuretic peptide (BNP), transthoracic echocardiogramwill be performed; The Cambridge Pulmonary Hypertension Outcome Review(CAMPHOR) and Sysq will be used as tools for the assessment of pulmonary hypertension. A comparison of these tests before initiation of therapy and after completion of 24 weeks of infusion scheme should be performed.

Contact a Trial Team

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International Sites

Universidad de la Sabana, Chía, Chia, Colombia

Status

Available

Address

Universidad de la Sabana

Chía, Chia,

Site Contact

John Londono, MD,PhD

john.londono@unisabana.edu.co

573187114885