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A Prospective Study for the Treatment of Children With Newly Diagnosed LCH Using a Cytarabine Contained Protocol

Study Purpose

From January 2010 to December 2014, 150 children with MS-LCH were treated in our hospital following a LCH II (Arm B) based protocol. Treatment was based on a modification of the LCH-II (Arm B) based protocol. However, the continuation treatment was extended to 56 weeks and etoposide was omitted from the continuation treatment. For the 59 patients with RO involvement (RO+) (the lungs are not considered a RO in the current study), the rapid response rate (week 6) was 61.0% and the 3-year overall survival (OS) 73.4±5.9%. Rapid responders had a better 3-year survival rate than poor responders (90.9±5.0% vs.#46; 45.7±11.0%, P<0.001). The 3-year OS in the current study is 10~20% lower than the rates reported by Gadner et al. and Morimoto et al.. We have not yet adopted effective salvage therapies for RO+ patients with recurrent disease. During the time of this study, cladribine was unavailable. Second-line therapy for non-responders or patients with disease reactivation was individualized treatment based on the physician's experience. An effective salvage therapy is essential for this high-risk group. For 91without RO involvement (RO-), 78 patients (85.7%) were rapid responders at week 6. The 3-year cumulative reactivation rate was 10.7% for RO- patients. No death occurred in this subgroup, with a 3-year OS of 100% in RO- patients. Compared to the LCH II and LCH III trials, the current study had a more intensive initial treatment regimen for RO- patients. However, the addition of etoposide to prednisone and vincristine in the initial therapy did not increase the 6-week response rate for RO- patients (85.7% in this study compared to 83% in the LCH II study and 86% in the LCH III study). Surprisingly, with a relatively intense initial treatment, a relatively low 3-year cumulative reactivation rate was observed in RO- patients in the current study. This result suggests that the initial treatment intensity and duration of continuation therapy both impact disease reactivation. The intensity of induction can affect the degree of disease resolution. Insufficient treatment intensity might lead to late relapse. Similarity to that observed has been in other childhood hematological malignancies. This finding deserves to be tested in prospective clinical trials with long-term follow-up. Cytarabine has been applied for patients with LCH but has never been evaluated in our hospital prospectively. In this study, we administer a cytarabine contained protocol to patients with multisystem involvement with or without risk organs involvement. The treatment results will be compared with our historical studies.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

No
Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.


An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.


Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Interventional
Eligible Ages N/A - 18 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Age under 18 years. 2. Newly diagnosed LCH:Morphologic identification of the characteristic LCH cells, positive staining of the lesional cells with CD1α and/or Langerin. 3. No congenital immunodeficiency, HIV infection, or prior organ transplant. 4. No previous chemotherapy/target therapy/radiation, if any steroid applied, total prior steroids dosage < prednisone 280 mg/m2.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients have overwhelming infection, and a life expectancy of < 2 weeks

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.

NCT04773366
Phase

Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Phase 3
Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Shanghai Children's Medical Center
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Yi-Jin Gao, MD
Principal Investigator Affiliation Shanghai Children's Medical Center
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Other
Overall Status Recruiting
Countries China
Conditions

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
Additional Details

All patients with de novo pathological confirmed LCH enrolled in this study will be classified into 4 groups. Group 1: Multisystem patients (≥2 organs/systems) with involvement of one or more "Risk" organs" (hematopoietic system, liver or spleen);Group 2:Multisystem patients, but without involvement of "Risk" organs; Group 3: Single system, Multifocal+ Single system, unifocal and special site@ (Isolated lesion of special site)+ Single system, unifocal and CNS risk+Single system, unifocal i.e. thyroid, lung, thymus, hypothalamic-pituitary+Single system, unifocal and other functionally critical anatomical sites; Group 4: Single system, unifocal i.e. bone, skin or lymph node (not the draining lymph node of another LCH lesion). For patients in Group 1, a 6-week initial treatment, a 16-week consolidation continuation treatment and a 26-week maintenance continuation treatment containing cytarabine is applied. For patients in Group 2, a 6-week initial treatment containing cytarabine and a 46-week continuation treatment (without cytarabine) is applied. For patients in Group 3,a 6-week initial treatment and a 46-week continuation treatment (without cytarabine) is applied. For patients in Group 4, only local therapy followed by wait-and-see strategy is applied.

Arms & Interventions

Arms

Experimental: Group 1

Multisystem patients (≥2 organs/systems) with involvement of one or more "Risk" organs, i.e. hematopoietic system, liver or spleen. All patients in this group receive an initial therapy (Week 1~6) followed by a consolidation continuation therapy (Week 7~22) and maintenance continuation therapy (Week 25~52).

Experimental: Group 2

Multisystem patients, but without involvement of "Risk" organs. All patients in this group receive an initial therapy (Week 1~6) followed by continuation therapy (Week 7~52).

Experimental: Group 3

Includes patients with single system, multifocal or with single system, unifocal and special site (Isolated lesion of special site) or with single system, unifocal and CNS risk or with single system, unifocal i.e. thyroid, lung, thymus, hypothalamic-pituitary or with single system, unifocal and other functionally critical anatomical sites. All patients in this group receive an initial therapy (Week 1~6) followed by continuation therapy (Week 7~52).

Experimental: Group 4

Patients with single system, unifocal i.e. bone, skin or lymph node (not the draining lymph node of another LCH lesion). All patients in this group enter into observation after local therapy. Chemotherapy only apply to patients with disease reactivation during observation.

Interventions

Drug: - Prednisone+Cytarabine+vincristine

Group 1 initial treatment (W1~W6). Prednisone 40mg/m2×4w, taper 2w; Vincristine 1.5mg/m2 iv d1 of w1,2,3,4,5,6; Cytarabine 100mg/m2 iv/IH d1-4 q2w (w1,3,5)

Drug: - Prednisone+Cytarabine+vincristine+Mercaptopurine

Group 1 Consolidation continuation treatment (W7~W22) . Prednisone 40mg/m2 d1-5 q3w (w7,10,13,16,19,22); VCR 1.5/m2 iv d1 q3w (w7,10,13,16,19,22); Cytarabine 100mg/m2 iv/IH d1-4 q3w (w7,10,13,16,19,22); 6-MP 50mg/m2/d,po,qn

Drug: - Prednisone+Cytarabine+vincristine+Mercaptopurine

Group 1 Maintenance continuation treatment (W25~52) . Prednisone 40mg/m2 d1-5 q3w; Vincristine 1.5/m2 iv d1 q3w; Cytarabine 100mg/m2 iv/IH d1-4 q6w ×3 times (w25,31,37); 6-MP 50mg/m2/d,po,qn

Drug: - Prednisone+Cytarabine+vincristine

Group 2 Initial treatment (W1~W6) . Prednisone 40mg/m2×4w, taper 2w; Vincristine 1.5mg/m2 iv d1 of w1,2,3,4,5,6; Cytarabine 100mg/m2 iv/IH d1-4 q2w (w1,3,5)

Drug: - Prednisone+vincristine+Mercaptopurine

Group 2 continuation treatment (W7~W52) . Prednisone 40mg/m2 d1-5 q3w; VCR 1.5/m2 iv d1 q3w; 6-MP 50mg/m2/d,po,qn

Drug: - Prednisone+vincristine

Group 3 Initial treatment (W1~W6) . Prednisone 40mg/m2×4w, taper 2w; Vincristine 1.5mg/m2 iv d1 of w1,2,3,4,5,6

Drug: - Prednisone+vincristine

. Group 3 Continuation treatment (W7~W52)Prednisone 40mg/m2 d1-5 q3w; Vincristine 1.5/m2 iv d1 q3w

Other: - Local therapy

Local therapy/wait and see. Group 4

Contact a Trial Team

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International Sites

Shanghai Children's Medical Center, Shanghai, China

Status

Recruiting

Address

Shanghai Children's Medical Center

Shanghai, ,

Site Contact

Yi-Jin Gao

gaoyijin@scmc.com.cn

021-38626161